IJSF Issue 8:4

Contents for IJSF Issue 8:4

Entire issue of IJSF 8:4
Authors: David J. Berri, Martin B. Schmidt, Brad R. Humphreys, Nicolas Scelles, Boris Helleu, Christophe Durand, Liliane Bonnal, Brad R. Humphreys, Rodney J. Paul, Andrew P. Weinbach, Rodney J. Paul, Andrew P. Weinbach, Jens Flatau, Eike Emrich
Abstract:This is the entire issue in PDF format that you can download

>> Subscribe Now

On the Evaluation of Kickers in the National Football League, pp. 263-278
Authors: David J. Berri and Martin B. Schmidt
Abstract:Kickers in the NFL have two jobs. The first is kicking off. The second is scoring via field goal attempts and extra points. Of these two actions, the latter’s impact on outcomes is most easily observed. Decision-makers should be able to go beyond simple visual observation and evaluate actions in terms of their impact on outcomes. Consistent with past research in baseball and basketball, though, we find evidence that decision-makers undervalue the factor that is hardest to visually connect to outcomes.

>> Subscribe Now

Guest Editor’s Introduction to the IJSF Symposium from the IV ESEA Conference in London, UK, p. 279
Authors: Brad R. Humphreys
Abstract:This issue presents a symposium containing a selection of papers from the fourth annual ESEA conference, identified based on input from the editors of the IJSF and the ESEA. All papers in this issue were peer reviewed and subject to the same standards as regular submissions to the IJSF.

>> Subscribe Now

Determinants of Professional Sports Firm Values in the United States and Europe: A Comparison Between Sports Over the Period 2004-2011, pp. 280-293
Authors: Nicolas Scelles, Boris Helleu, Christophe Durand, and Liliane Bonnal
Abstract:Since the beginning of the nineties, professional sports firm values have been estimated by American newspapers. In 2004, Forbes proposed for the first time a list of the most valuable European soccer teams. In this article, we compare the determinants of firm values in MLB, the NBA, NFL, NHL, and European soccer over the period 2004-2011. The results show only one variable for which the sign and significance are the same for all the leagues: historical sports performance, with a significantly positive impact in each league. The comparison between the United States and Europe reveals that a majority of differences seem to indicate that the determinants of team values in the United States are not the same as those in Europe. Lastly, we proposed avenues for future research: integrating an international dimension that could be measured through the number of fans on social media and player values.

>> Subscribe Now

Bettor Biases and the ‘Home-Underdog’ Bias in the NFL, pp. 294-311
Authors: Brad R. Humphreys, Rodney J. Paul, and Andrew P. Weinbach
Abstract:Betting strategies based on the presence of home-underdog bias in the NFL have been shown to produce returns in excess of those predicted by market efficiency in some situations. Dare and Dennis (2011) attribute this bias to bettors underestimating the scoring ability of home underdogs. Using a more recent sample of data, we find contradictory results. We challenge the assumptions of the Dare and Dennis (2011) model and use detailed betting data to offer an alternative rationale for the homeunderdog bias. We illustrate that bettors have clear and predictable tendencies for betting on the best teams, and sports books do not appear to be operating as suggested by the balanced-book hypothesis.

>> Subscribe Now

Fireworks Saturation and Attendance in Minor League Baseball, pp. 312-326
Authors: Rodney J. Paul and Andrew P. Weinbach
Abstract:Fireworks are a very popular promotion for Minor League Baseball teams. In recent years, fireworks displays have moved beyond holidays to a frequent staple on promotional schedules throughout the baseball season. With increased frequency, the possibility exists that the market for fireworks may become saturated. This paper examines the 2011 season for AAA and AA baseball and finds, controlling for other factors influencing attendance, that increased usage of fireworks does not generate overly detrimental effects in terms of its marginal impact on attendance. Fans appear to continue to enjoy fireworks throughout the season, without growing tired of seeing this post-game promotion.

>> Subscribe Now

Asset Specificity in the Promotion of Elite Sports: Efficient Institutions of Governance for the ‘Production’ of Long-Term Future Sporting Success, pp. 327-340
Authors: Jens Flatau and Eike Emrich
Abstract:The German elite sport training system contains both decentralized and centralized elements. Following Williamson’s (1975) transaction cost economics, we test the thesis that the optimal institutions of governance in the production of sporting success depend on the asset specificity. A comparison of graduates of elite sport schools (ESS) with others shows ESS attendance influences success in high asset specificity settings. The results provide information about how the productivity of elite sport training systems can be increased by setting the priorities of centralized organization on those sports.

>> Subscribe Now