IJSF 15:1

Abstract:International Journal of Sport Finance, Volume 15, No.1, February 2020.

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NOlympia in Tyrol: Determinants of Voting Behavior in the Referendum for the 2026 Innsbruck-Tyrol Winter Games
Authors: Pamela Wicker and Bernd Frick
Abstract:This study examines the determinants of voting behavior in the referendum for the 2026 Innsbruck-Tyrol Winter Games. Through the lens of rational choice theory, we investigate the role of proximity, elite endorsements, tourism, environment, and population characteristics using data from all 279 voting communities. The regression results show that supporting the conservative party in the National Council elections, industry emissions, and population instability are positively associated with voter turnout, while supporting the green party and temperature on voting day have a negative relationship. Communities hosting Olympic events, supporting the conservative party, and relying on winter tourism had a significantly higher share of favorable votes, while industry emissions, support for the green party, temperature, financial power, and migration balance had a negative effect. Hence, community residents voted rationally in some respects, but not in others.

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The Role of Tournament Relevance for Football Matches on Free-to-Air Television
Authors: Thadeu Gasparetto and Angel Barajas
Abstract:ost papers analyze the broadcast demand for a single league. However, professional football clubs participate in two or more tournaments simultaneously every season. Hence, the perception of fans may differ. This is a relevant topic, since television rights constitute the main source of revenue for professional football. The Brazilian football market is an appropriate laboratory to test it: The first division teams play two national-level tournaments, including a state-lev-el championship, and the top clubs also compete in an international championship. The dataset comprises 458 broadcast matches in Brazil from 2013 to 2015. The singularity of this sample is that all matches are broadcast by the same free-to-air television channel. Three panel data linear regressions with local team fixed effects are carried out. The results indicate differences in the broadcast demand among tournaments. Marginal effects might help television channels, leagues, and clubs find optimal broadcast rights deals.

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Player Dismissal and Full-Time Results in the UEFA Champions League and Europa League
Authors: Andrea Albanese, Arne De Meyere, Ward Vanruymbeke, and Stijn Baert
Abstract:Player Dismissal and Full-Time Results in the UEFA Champions League and Europa League
Authors: Andrea Albanese, Arne De Meyere, Ward Vanruymbeke, and Stijn Baert
Abstract: This study is the first to estimate the effects of the sending-off of a player on the full-time results in international club soccer. To this end, we analyze data of more than 2,000 recent matches in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. We find that, when home teams receive a red card, it harms their goal scoring and victory probabilities. By contrast, a red card for away teams can have a positive, negative, or neutral effect for them, depending on the timing of the player dismissal.

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Outcome Uncertainty and Demand for Baseball: A Single-Game Approach in the Korean Professional Baseball League
Authors: Hoyoon Jung, Choon-Geol Moon, and Yoon Tae Sung
Abstract:This study tests the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis for single games and playoff appearances in the Korean Professional Baseball League from 2007 to 2015. Our panel data analysis shows that the difference in winning percentages between two teams and playoff uncertainty based on games behind are important factors for increasing game attendance. This study supports the potential importance of analyzing daily game attendance of the literature on diverse sport leagues. It also presents implications for policymakers and league owners—which typically leverage teams as promotional instruments—on improving the self-sustainability of sport teams.

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